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Gum diseases, technically called periodontal diseases, often result in tooth loss in adults. Even though genetically inherited gum diseases are common, gum diseases are mostly the result of poor individual dental hygiene. Gum Diseases have symptoms like painless inflammation as well as infection of the tissues that support teeth.
Gum diseases are caused by toxins produced by the bacteria in plaque. In the initial stages of gum disease (also called gingivitis), gums turn red, swollen and bleed. Over a period of time, the bones below the teeth also get infected and start to dissolve. In advanced periodontal cases, dentists often use treatments like bone grafting and guided tissue regeneration.